Background

Date fruit is one of the most high quality tropical fruits which only can be grown in particular regions of the world. Date palm is cultivated in special climate which is available in limited countries in the world. Iran has been successful in date cultivation because of its diverse climate.

The history of date production and use in Iran goes back to about 4000 BC. Today, more than 400 types of dates and various kinds of date-based foods are consumed by the Iranians.

The date crop in Iran for all species (dried, semi-dried and fresh) during the farming year 2018 was more than 1.2 million tons. Iran is the second largest date producer in the world and its share is more than 15 percent of the world date production.

Iran produces 200,000 tons of dried date, 750,000 tons of semi-dried or fresh-to-dry date and 250,000 tons of fresh date in its 240,000 hectares of palm farms. These products mostly come from the palm trees located in the provinces of Kerman (30.9%), Hormozgan(15.1%), Khuzestan(14.6%), Fars (11.3%) , Sistan-Beluchestan (14.6%), Bushehr(13.4%), and.

Some of the important types of Iranian dates are Mazafati, Piarom, Sayer, Zahedi, Kabkab, Rabbi, and Shahani.

 

Grading of Iranian dates based on percentage of moisture:

  • Dried date: It refers to ripe date with below 15% moisture (Zahedi dates, etc.)
  • Semi Dried date: It refers to ripe date with between 15% to 18% moisture (Sayer, Rabbi date, etc.)
  • Fresh date: It refers to ripe date with between 18% to 35% moisture (Mazafati date, etc.)

 

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